Pomeranian - means miniature Spitz, the breed was bred in northern Germany in Pomerania, based on the German regular Spitz. In 1450, the name Spitzkhund appeared, and only at the beginning of the 18th century did selection work begin with the breed. Initially, Spitz were yard dogs, but with their beauty they attracted the nobility and the Spitz became a pet. At that time, the smallest spitz weighed 5-7 kg. They became very popular not only in Germany, but also in America. The breed was recognized in 1900 and consequently the first Pomeranian breed standard was published also in 1900. In 1909, the first Pomeranian Club of America was officially recognized and in 1911 the first Pomeranian show was held. In the 19th century, Spitz was brought to Russia, this breed became very popular. Exhibitions were held in Moscow, in which mainly small spitz participated. Today, American Spitz are considered the best in the world. An unusually beautiful Pomeranian is made by its coat, which consists of a very thick undercoat and a long axial hair. Pomeranian puppies are small in size. Their adult weight ranges from 1.8 kg to 3.5 kg. Height at the withers from 18 cm to 24 cm.
For the first time, at exhibitions in America, the Pomeranian appeared in 1982, only two years later the breed was recognized as independent. In Europe, the Pomeranian is officially called - dwarf German, and in America - Pomeranian.